Understanding the basic research process and writing a literature review

Be selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review.

sample literature review for research paper

How does the publication relate to other literature in the field? Thus, the review loses its chronological focus. Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's available about the topic, but you'll make your job easier if you first limit scope of the research problem.

literature review in research methodology pdf

In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period. Should you summarize, synthesize, or critique your sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Revise, revise, revise Draft in hand?

How to write a literature review for a research paper

Why do we write literature reviews? The Writing Center. Any possible arrangement means dissatisfaction, heartburnings, a feeling that favoritism or prejudice has been at work. But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on whales in the early 18th century. Introduction The introduction should clearly establish the focus and purpose of the literature review. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. Make sure the sources you use are credible , and make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research. The subsections might include how they are personified, how their proportions are exaggerated, and their behaviors misunderstood. New York: Harcourt Brace,

Education: Are we asking the right questions? Pick up nearly any book on research methods and you will find a description of a literature review.

Why is it important to do a literature review in research

Those of you who were present at the last meeting will remember how diversely two able students of Iroquois tradition estimated its value. How does the publication relate to other literature in the field? The example combines the thematic and chronological approaches. Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, Division of works under review into themes or categories [e. Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis]. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research? Education: Unravelling quality culture in higher education: A realist review. Are the author's arguments supported by evidence [e. Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J. In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. Once a list of articles is generated from the keyword and subject heading search, the researcher must then manually browse through each title and abstract, to determine the suitability of that article before a full-text article is obtained for the research question.
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How to Write a Literature Review