How to write a scientific journal introduction

For the data, decide on a logical order that tells a clear story and makes it and easy to understand. Which is the best?

How to write a scientific journal introduction

Use strong verbs instead of "to be" Instead of: The enzyme was found to be the active agent in catalyzing Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. Instead of: The rats were injected with the drug. Attractiveness, clarity, piquancy, and analytical capacity of the presentation will urge the reader to read the subsequent sections of the article. List the methods in the same order they will appear in the Results section, in the logical order in which you did the research: Description of the site Description of the surveys or experiments done, giving information on dates, etc. How do y our results fit into the big picture? End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked in this experiment. However, the abstracts must be keep as brief as possible. Only abbreviations firmly established in the field are eligible e. Primarily, they want to know the motivation for the work presented and the outcome of this work. Keywords: Article, introduction, scientific Introduction When entering a gate of a magnificent city we can make a prediction about the splendor, pomposity, history, and civilization we will encounter in the city. It should be able to stand alone without any footnotes. Now, it is easier since to avoid these problem, because there are many available tools. To do this, the subject of the article should be thoroughly reviewed, and the aim of the study should be clearly stated immediately after discussing the basic references.

Thus, as you organize the body of your paper into sections and perhaps subsections, remember to prepare your readers for the structure ahead at all levels. They will think you have no sense of purpose. Always keep them separate to ensure that the manuscript flows logically from one section to the next.

Note that cause and effect cannot be implied without a controlled, manipulative experiment.

article introduction

When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures e. Use the first person.

How to write a scientific paper pdf

Most Materials and Methods sections are boring to read, yet they need not be. Use verbs instead of abstract nouns Instead of: take into consideration Write: consider 2. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. This sentence implies that there are erythrocytes elsewhere that don't contain hemoglobin. Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls, treatments, variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured, what form the data take, etc. The reader who thinks to obtain the most effective information in no time while reading a scientific article should not be smothered with mysterious sentences, and word plays, and the readers should not be left alone to arrive at a conclusion by themselves. Wombat genetics. You can similarly prepare your readers for an upcoming division into subsections by introducing a global paragraph between the heading of a section and the heading of its first subsection. It should be able to stand alone without any footnotes. Problematic example: In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods. Firstly, information should be provided about the general topic of the article in the light of the current literature which paves the way for the disclosure of the objective of the manuscript. In the first paragraph, miniaturization, and evolvement of pediatric endourological instruments, and competitions among PNL, ESWL, and URS in the treatment of urinary system stone disease are described, in other words the background is prepared. How did you answer this question?

To achieve good interpretations think about: How do these results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section?

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How to Write Guide: Sections of the Paper