Dissent from puritanism
Some of these continued the struggle of earlier puritans for a reformed national church, while others sought only their own religious liberty.
Lee ed. Calendar of Baxter Correspondence, II, —4. Boston newcomers William Dyer and Henry Vane denied this, Dyer arguing that Adam had not been made in the image of God, and Vane similarly asserted that Adam had never received the seal of the spirit. Governor John Winthrop, on hearing that Anne Hutchinson and most of her children had been killed on Long Island, stated, "Proud Jezebel has at last been cast down. See R. Beginning as reading groups of Emanuel Swedenborg — composed largely of Methodists, Baptists, and Anglicans, some of the Swedenborgian enthusiasts became disillusioned with the prospects for thorough Swedenborgian theological reform within their respective traditions, and these separated from their traditions to form the General Conference of the New Jerusalem, often called simply the New Church. It was Shepard who mobilized the majority of ministers in the region to oppose the doctrines originating in Boston and threatening to infect members of their own congregations. Members of this religious group were devout followers of a Dutch mystic named Hendrik Niclaes. Dudley played a key role in the prosecution of Anne Hutchinson during her civil trial in They saw two different spiritual approaches in the Old and New Testaments, and they knew their circumstances differed from those of the ancient Israelites.
Lee, Henry Diaries, p. Sabbatarian practitioners were also to be found within the Church of England in one form or another. Swedenborg's primary critiques of orthodox theology centred on tri-personal constructions of the Trinity, the idea of salvation by faith alone, and the vicarious atonement.
Underhill, Broadmead, p. They were one of a number of Nonconformist dissenting groups that emerged around this time.
However, in some ways, Behmenist belief deviated significantly from traditional Lutheran belief. See G.
Dissent from puritanism
Puritan beliefs and lifestyle positively influenced values of family, community, work, law, and reverence for God. In time, some Puritans with differing religious views emerged in the community and began to vocalize their dissenting opinions and beliefs. They were fiercely opposed to the hierarchical structure of the Established Church and the financial ties between it and the government. He questioned the appropriateness of the red cross of St. Goldie and J. The ideas of religious freedom and fair dealings with the Native Americans resulted in Roger Williams' exile from the Massachusetts colony. But in November , Thomas Dudley, who had replaced Winthrop as governor that year, determined that Williams had continued to speak his mind on these issues, and in particular that he had challenged the legitimacy of the oath of allegiance the colony had recently required of all inhabitants. Disappointed with the Pilgrims, Williams returned to Massachusetts, settling in Salem, where he preached unofficially and continued to express radical ideas. Mortimer ed. Matthews, Calamy Revised, pp. Google Scholar For the problems of one London parish see M. Hunter, Heywood, p. Religious conformity was, the Puritans thought, the only way to preserve their faith and to keep the community pure and moral. Underhill ed. Anne Hutchinson was a deeply religious woman.
Main article: Henry Barrowe Henry Barrowe maintained the right and duty of the Church to carry out necessary reforms without awaiting the permission of the civil power; and advocated congregational independence.
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